Action TU1208 

Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar

COST Success Story

TU1208 Education Pack 

TU1208 Education Pack is conceived for teaching Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) in University courses. The didactic material is available in open access on this webpage. We observed that the level of knowledge and experience on GPR is not the same in all Countries and believe that this initiative will help professors and researchers in less research-intensive Countries to initiate new courses on GPR in their universities. 

The TU1208 Education Pack is structured in modules. Although the Action ended, there is work in progress to further enrich the didactical material. Therefore do not hesitate to come back and visit again this webpage soon! If you wish to contribute to this initiative, have comments or questions, please send an email to the dedicated address:

Module 1: Introduction to GPR

Lecture 1.1 What is GPR? - Key concepts

Lecture 1.2: Understanding the physical principles underpinning GPR. Electromagnetic properties of media.

Lecture 1.3: Overview of GPR applications (Author: Mercedes Solla, Spain)

Download - Read in the browser

Lecture 1.4: GPR systems

Lecture 1.5: GPR antennas

Lecture 1.6: Develop your own cheap GPR prototype for training purposes!

Download - Read  in the browser (Authors: Vincenzo Ferrara and Andrea Pietrelli, Italy; Margarita Chizh, Russia)

If you are interested in trying and realizing this prototype, feel free to take contact with us at We will be pleased  to share experience, ideas, firmware and software with you.

A slightly improved replica of the prototype has been successfully realized in the University of Split, Croatia, in the framework of a course for graduate students:   Here you can download a presentation describing the realization of the prototype in the University of Split, Croatia (Author: Maja Skiljo) and here you can read the same presentation in the browser.

Lecture 1.7: Test the performance of your GPR! (Authors:  Lara Pajewski, Italy, Xavier Derobert, France, Sébastien Lambot, Belgium, Milan Vrtunski, Serbia, Željko Bugarinović, Serbia, Aleksandar Ristić, Serbia, Miro Govedarica, Serbia, Carl Van Geem, Belgium, Audrey van der Wielen, Belgium, Colette Grégoire, Belgium, Vladislav Borecky, Czech Republic, Salih Serkan Artagan, Turkey, Simona Fontul, Portugal, Vânia Marecos, Portugal)

Download - Read in the browser

If you  apply the tests presented in this lecture to your equipment, we would love to hear about your experience. Please send us an email at

Module 2: GPR applications in civil engineering

Lecture 2.1: GPR assessment of roads (Author: Carl Van Geem, Belgium)

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Lecture 2.1.1: Introduction to pavement management (Author: Carl Van Geem, Belgium)

Download - Read in the browser

Lecture 2.1.2: Combined use of GPR and deflection measurement devices on roads (Author: Carl Van Geem, Belgium)

Download - Read in the browser

Lecture 2.1.3: Structural evaluation of existing pavements based on deflection mesurements and GPR data (Author: Carl Van Geem, Belgium)

Download - Read in the browser

2.2 GPR assessment of bridges and tunnels

See also Lecture 4.5, which may be given here as lecture 2.2.1, to complement the topics presented in Lecture 2.2.

2.3 GPR assessment of railways

2.4 GPR assessment of buildings

2.5 Detection and localization of utilities in urban areas by using GPR

Module 3: GPR applications in other areas, including cultural heritage, environment, agriculture, and humanitarian operations

Lecture 3.1 Archaeological surveys by using GPR

Lecture 3.2: Environmental applications of GPR: Assessment of trees and agricultural fields (Authors: Jana Jezova and Sébastien Lambot, Belgium)

Download - Read in the browser

Lecture 3.3: GPR applications in karst (Authors: Andrej Gosar, Marjana Zajc, and Teja Čeru, Slovenia)

 Download - Read in the browser

Lecture 3.4: Localization of people based on GPR detection of vital signs (Authors: Dušan Kocur, Mária Švecová, Daniel Novák, and Mária Gamcová, Slovakia)

Download - Read in the browser

3.5 GPR detection of landmines and unexploded ordnance

Module 4: GPR data processing and interpretation

4.1 Introduction to GPR data processing

4.2 Processing of GPR data collected on roads

4.3 Introduction to electromagnetic modelling of GPR

Lecture 4.4: Electromagnetic modelling of GPR by using gprMax (Authors: Craig Warren and Antonis Giannopoulos, United Kingdom)

Web-based training material on gprMax

Web-based introductory examples of gprMax models

Web-based examples of gprMax antenna models

Web-based example models of advanced features of gprMax

Lecture 4.5: Electromagnetic modelling of historical bridges for  advanced interpretation of GPR  data (Author: Mercedes Solla, Spain)

Download - Read in the browser

4.5 E2GPR: A CAD for 2D gprMax models

4.6 SPOT-GPR: TU1208 free software for detection and localization of utilities in radargrams

4.7 Electromagnetic-wave velocity estimation for time-depth conversion

Module 5: Safety

Lecture 5.1: Recommendations for the safety of people and equipment during GPR prospecting (Authors: Raffaele Persico and Lara Pajewski, Italy)

Download - Read in the browser

Glossary (GPR terms in 15 languages spoken in COST Countries) DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.34622.79689

University courses using TU1208 Education Pack


Course title: Ground Penetrating Radar

ECTS Credits: 6

Course  duration: 1 semester (60 hours)

University degree within which the course is held: Master of Science   in Electronic Engineering

University: Sapienza University of Rome 

Country: Italy

Professor: Lara Pajewski

Academic Years (AY): As of the AY 2017-2018

Course webpage:   Link


If you decide to use the TU1208 Education Pack as teaching material, please do let us know. Your course will be listed here.

PhD Schools and other  initiatives  using  TU1208 Education Pack


Ground Penetrating Radar for civil engineering and cultural heritage management

Training School organised by Sapienza University of Rome, University College London, TU1208 GPR Association, and Associazione Italiana del Georadar. Awarded with the 2018 European Year of Cultural Heritage label.

School Coordinators: Lara Pajewski, Raffaele Persico , Lai Bun Lok

Rome, Italy, 14-18 May 2018


If you decide to use  TU1208 Education Pack in PhD Schools, Summer Schools and Seminars, please do let us know. Your initiative  will be listed here.


For information concerning COST Action TU1208 and TU1208 GPR Association, please take contact with the Chair of the Action and President of the Association, Prof. Lara Pajewski. From 4 April 2013 to 3 October 2017, this website was supported by COST, European Cooperation in Science and Technology - COST is supported by the EU RTD Framework Programme Horizon2020. TU1208 Members are deeply grateful to COST for funding and supporting COST Action TU1208. As of 4 October 2017, this website is supported by TU1208 GPR Association, a non-profit association stemming from COST Action TU1208.